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Basic Parts of Computer Hardware and Software System

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Computer Hardware and Software System
The computer is an electromechanical device. This device can work with three different parts. The parts are given below-

  • Hardware

  • Software

  • Firmware

Hardware can divide into two parts:

  • Internal Hardware

  • External Hardware

The software is classified into three categories:

  • System Software

  • Application Software

  • Utility Software


System Software can be divided into two main parts:

  • Operating System

  • Language Processor

Classifications of Language Processor are:

  • Editor

  • Translator

  • Linker

  • Loader

The translator can be divided into three main parts:

  • Assembler

  • Interpreter

  • Compiler


Basic Parts of Computer Hardware and Software System


What is Hardware?


Basic Parts of Computer Hardware and Software System



All the electronic, electronics parts of a computer are connectivity called Hardware. The examples of Hardware are- Monitor, Mother Board, RAM, Key Board, Mouse, SMPS etc.


Hardware can be classified into two categories:-

Internal Hardware:


These types of Hardware are inside the CPU cabinet. It is not seen the outside.

Example of Internal Hardware:-

  • Mother Board

  • Hard Disk

  • Floppy Disk Drive

  • Internal Modem

  • Graphics card

  • RAM

  • ROM

  • SMPS


External Hardware:


These types of Hardware are outside the CPU cabinet. It is display and touchable outside.

Example of Internal Hardware:-

  • Monitor

  • Key Board

  • Mouse

  • Scanner

  • Printer

  • Pen drive

  • Speaker

  • Headphone

Basic Parts of Computer Hardware and Software System


What is Software?


The software is a set of program to do a job using the Hardware. A program is a set of commands and command is set of instruction. The examples of Software are- MS-DOS, MS Word, Tally, Windows XP, Corel Draw, Notepad etc.

The software can be classified into three categories:-

System Software:


This is a set of program that controls the operation of a computer system. These programs do not solve any problem. It also runs our computer system.

Example: - MS-DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, LINUX, UNIX etc.

System Software can be classified into two categories:

  • Operating System:-

This type of System Software operates all the electronic parts of a computer and controls all activities that the user solves through through Application Software.

Example: - MS-DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, LINUX, UNIX etc.

The Function of Operating System:-

  • Communication between computer machine and users.

  • Operates the storage device.

  • Controls the Input and Output device.



  • Language Processor:-

The computer can’t understand high-level language. It understands low-level language like as- 0 &1 (Binary Number). So we have used some Software, it converts the high-level language to machine language. This type of Software we have known as Language Processor.

The Function of Language Processor:-

  • Programming

  • Program Developing

  • Translating

  • Debugging

  • Loading

Application Software:


This is a set of a program designed to carry out operation for a specific application. This type of program solves any specific problem. Application Software is often called package.

Example:-

  • Word processing Software – MS Word

  • Accounting package Software – Tally, Fact.

  • Drawing base Software – MS Paint

  • Database management Software – MS Access

  • Object-Oriented drawing program – Corel Draw

  • 2-D animation Software – Micro Media Flash

  • 3-D animation Software – 3-D Studio Mixing.



Basic Parts of Computer Hardware and Software System : *

Utility Software:


A utility is a type of Software that performs a specific application, usually related to managing a computer and its programs. It is also called a Utility. It is a virus guided program.

Example: - McAfee, Avast, Norton etc.

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